Wednesday, March 25, 2015

VMWare Workstation 11 and Linux kernel 3.19

Well, I thought that starting with kernel 3.18 there will be no need any more for manual patching in order to make VMWare Workstation 11.0 work again (11.1 didn't work either). But, I was wrong. After updating vmnet compilation ended with errors and I had to search for a solution. I found it, on ArchWiki pages. Now, because it happened once before to me that I just pointed to a page with a solution, and that page was changed so that solution disappeared. To avoid this, here is step by step what you have to do. First, download a patch. You don't need to be a root to execute this command:
$ curl http://pastie.org/pastes/9934018/download -o /tmp/vmnet-3.19.patch
Now, switch to root and execute the following commands:
# cd /usr/lib/vmware/modules/source
# tar -xf vmnet.tar
# patch -p0 -i /tmp/vmnet-3.19.patch
# mv vmnet.tar vmnet.tar.SAVED
# tar -cf vmnet.tar vmnet-only
# rm -r vmnet-only
# vmware-modconfig --console --install-all
And that should be it.

Saturday, February 28, 2015

Short Tip: Renaming log files to include date...

I had a bunch of a log files in the format logfilename.N.gz, but I wanted to rename them into logfilename.YYYYMMDD.gz where YYYYMMDD is a date when the file was last modified. I did it using the following for loop:
for i in logfilename.*.gz
do
    mv -i $i logfilename.`date -r $i +%Y%m%d`.gz
done
The argument -r to date(1) command tells it to use the last modification date (mtime) of a file given as the argument to the option. Note that it is also possible to use stat(1) command instead of date(1).

Anomaly detection in Snort

I just got thoroughly confused when I found a statement in one whitepaper by SANS that Snort can do anomaly based detection. For me, anomaly based detection means that the software is capable of detecting something that deviates from the normal behavior in a profound ways and additionally, it wasn't possible to algorithmically define this deviated behavior in advance. Obviously, I started immediately to google around to find out more information about this since, lately, I was reading some surveys about research on anomaly based detection. This is still relatively unexplored area which means not much used in real-world scenarios.

After a bit of googling I found in Snort manual the following section:
2.2.3.4 Anomaly Detection 
TCP protocol anomalies, such as data on SYN packets, data received outside the TCP window, etc are configured via the detect_anomalies option to the TCP configuration. Some of these anomalies are detected on a per-target basis. For example, a few operating systems allow data in TCP SYN packets, while others do not. 
Turns out that the anomaly detection in Snort are actually anomalies that can be algorithmically codified (e.g. in TCP segment SYN bit is set and there is data in the segment). So, in conclusion, there is no algorithm for learning in standard Snort code.

That said, I found now defunct research project that experimented with anomaly based detection in Snort. By looking into the implementation, it turns out that the authors created plugin for Snort that was logging different features into textual log files. Those log files were then processed using R. In essence, this is good approach for experimentation but not for a production use.

About Me

scientist, consultant, security specialist, networking guy, system administrator, philosopher ;)